研究发现黑色素显著提升聚氨酯,材料力学性能

万博体育

2018-05-07 9:42:47

【rg高分子材料进展短讯】江南大学研究人员从乌贼墨囊中提取黑色素,并将其添加到普通的聚氨酯材料中,发现可显著提高聚氨酯材料的力学性能,比如拉伸性能和韧性。研究显示即使最终固化得到的聚氨酯泡沫中仅增加了百分之二的黑色素,其韧性提升至普通的聚氨酯泡沫的10倍,在这项研究中改性前的pu材料断裂前伸长率为770%,而含添加黑色素材料后,断裂伸长率提升至1880%,力学性能获得显著提升,研究成果发表在期刊《biomacromolecules》上。

黑色素增强聚氨酯

另外,研究人员对比了其它如碳纳米管、石墨烯和纤维素等增强材料的效果,发现黑色素增强pu效果最佳。有兴趣的朋友请阅读精彩参考文献:superior performance of polyurethane based on natural melanin nanoparticles,yang wang, ting li, xuefei wang, piming ma, huiyu bai, weifu dong*, yi xie, and mingqing chen*,biomacromolecules,doi:6b01298

melanin, a kind of well-known multifunctional biomacromolecules that are widely distributed in natural in this work, polyurethane (pu)/melanin nanocomposites with enhanced tensile strength and toughness were successfully fabricated via in situ it was found that the tensile strength (σ), elongation-at-break (εmax), and toughness (w) were improved from6 mpa, 770%, and 33 mj/m3 for pu to5 mpa, 1880%, and 413 mj/m3 for pu/melanin (2 wt %) nanocomposite, micromorphology indicated that individualized melanin nanoparticles were specifically linked to the hard domains of pu chains and fine dispersed in ftir, dsc, and afm results suggested melanin induced an improvement in degree of phase separation, which resulted in remarkable enhancements in mechanical properties of however, with further increasing content of melanin, a relatively large-scale phase separation was formed and led to a decrease in mechanical properties of in addition, interactions between melanin and hard segments of pu were increased, leading to a higher moreover, the dynamic mechanical properties and rheological behavior of pu/melanin nanocomposites were further

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